Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a condition in men that is similar to interstitial cystitis (IC). IC in men may be mistaken for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome.

There are four major types of prostatitis. Some researchers believe that types IIIA and IIIB may in fact be interstitial cystitis because the symptoms are similar to those of IC, and many patients respond best to IC therapies:

  • Type I: Acute Bacterial Prostatitis—Caused by bacteria and treated with antibiotics men have severe urinary tract infections that may be accompanied by high fever, chills, and even the inability to urinate.
  • Type II: Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis—Typified by recurrent urinary tract infections an infection within the prostate gland causes the symptoms.
  • Type III A and III B: Chronic Non-Bacterial Prostatitis (CP/CPPS)—Type IIIA signs of prostate inflammation are present, but no obvious infection is found. Type IIIB symptoms of bacterial prostatitis are present, with no evidence of inflammation.
  • Type IV: Asymptomatic Inflammatory Prostatitis—Signs of inflammation within the prostate, however the patient experiences no symptoms.

For the latest information about chronic prostatitis, visit the Prostatitis Foundation and Urologic Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome Society (UCPPS) websites.

Revised Wednesday, March 25th, 2015